>1. MANAGEMENT SECURITY
2. SECURITY SERVICE
3. AVIATION KNOWLEDGE
4. CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY
TUJUAN CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY MANAGEMENT COURSE UNTUK
1. MEMAHAMI MANAGEMENT SECURITY
2. MEMAHAMI SECURITY SERVICE
3. MEMAHAMI AVIATION KNOWLEDGE
4. MEMAHAMI CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY
PENGELOLAAN PENGAMANAN PENERBANGAN SIPIL MELIPUTI,
AIRLINES REGULATION GENERAL
TATIP PELATARAN BANDARA
CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY
BACK GROUND CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY
SECURITY WORKING ACTIVITY
MACAM – MACAM JENIS BOM DAN KARAKTERISTIKNYA
TAHUN 1976 PESAWAT VICKERS VISCOUNT PT MERPATI NUSANTARA TELAH DIBAJAK OLEH SESEORANG DARI SURABAYA MENUJU JOGJAKARTA DAN BERHASIL DILUMPUHKAN OLEH CAPTAIN PILOT POLISI GINDASANI DENGAN MENEMBAKKAN KEARAH KEPALA PEMBAJAK DAN MATI SEKETIKA
Aircraft hijacking (also known as skyjacking and aircraft piracy) is the take-over of an aircraft, by a person or group, usually armed. In most cases the pilot is forced to fly according to the orders of the hijackers.
Air China flight
In one case the official pilot hijacked the plane: in October, 1998, on an Air China flight from Beijing to Kunming in Yunnan, he flew to Taiwan after threatening to crash the plane killing the passengers if the other members of the crew prevented him from flying to Taiwan.
1959: First Cuba-to-U.S. hijacking
1960: The first US-to-Cuba hijacking
1968: The first Arab-Israeli hijacking, as three members of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) hijack an El Al plane to Rome. Diverting to Algiers the negotiations extend over forty days. Both the hijackers and the hostages go free. This was the first and the only successful hijacking of an El Al flight.
1970 May 15: Dymshits-Kuznetsov hijacking affair, a group of Soviet refuseniks attempt to hijack aircraft
1970, September: As part of the Dawson’s Field hijackings, PFLP members attempt to hijack four aircraft simultaneously. They succeed on three and force the planes to fly to the Jordanian desert, where the hijackers blow up the aircraft after releasing most of the hostages. The final hostages are freed in exchange for seven Palestinian prisoners. The fourth attack on an El Al plane by two people including Leila Khalid is foiled by armed guards aboard.
Northwest Orient Airlines &Australia
1971: D. B. Cooper hijacks Northwest Orient Airlines flight 305 and obtains $200,000 ransom for the release of the plane’s passengers. Cooper proceeds to parachute from the rear of the Boeing 727 and is never found.
1972 November 15: First airline hijacking in Australia. A lone hijacker armed with a .22 sawn-off rifle and a knife in flight on Ansett Airlines flight 232 from Adelaide to Alice Springs with 28 passengers and a crew of 4. Followed by gun battle at Alice Springs Airport resulting in the death of the hijacker Miloslav Hrabinec and a police officer critically wounded.
Delta Air Lines
* 1974 February 22: Samuel Byck shot and killed Maryland Aviation Administration Police Officer Neal Ramsburg at BWI before storming aboard Delta Air Lines flight 523 to Atlanta. He gained access to the cockpit while the plane was on the ground, intending to assassinate President Nixon by flying the DC-9 into the White House. He shot both the pilot and the copilot before he was shot through the aircraft window by another officer.
Air France Flight
* 1976: The Palestinian hijack of Air France Flight 139 is brought to an end at Entebbe Airport, Uganda by Operation Entebbe: Israeli commandos assault the building holding the hijackers and hostages killing all Palestinian hijackers and rescuing 105 persons, mostly Israeli hostages; three passengers and one commando are killed.
* 1977: A Palestinian hijack of a Lufthansa airliner Landshut during its flight from Palma de Mallorca to Frankfurt is ended in Mogadishu when German commandos storm the plane. Three hijackers are killed and 86 hostages are freed. The hand of German Red Army Faction is suspected. The pilot is killed.
1977 December 4: A Boeing 737 Malaysia Airlines Flight 653 was hijacked and crashed in Tanjung Kupang, Johore killing 100 people aboard.
1978: Two Arab guerrillas seized a plane in Cyprus. Egyptian commandos flew in uninvited to try to take the plane. Cypriot troops resisted and 15 Egyptians died in a 45-minute battle.
1979: Two East Germans hijacked an aircraft to West Berlin; see Judgment in Berlin.
* 1979 June 20 and June 21: An American Airlines flight from New York to Chicago was hijacked by a Serbian Nationalist demanding the release of a jailed fellow nationalist. Unable to secure his comrade’s release, the hijacker released all hostages except for the pilot, co-pilot and one flight attendant. They flew from Chicago back to New York where he transferred to a Boeing 707, which flew to Ireland where the hijacker surrendered and was returned to the United States for trial. Weapon used was a home-made bomb. There were no casualties.
Pakistan International Airlines
* 1981: A Pakistan International Airlines jet is hijacked and taken to Kabul, where one passenger is killed before the plane flies on to Damascus; the hostages are finally released after 13 days when the Pakistani Government agrees to free fifty political prisoners.
* 1981: The Hijacking of Flight Garuda Indonesia GA 206 on 28 March 1981. This was the first serious Indonesian airline hijacking, since the first case was a desperate Marine hijacker who was killed by the pilot himself. The hijackers, a group called Commando Jihad, hijacked the DC 9 “Woyla”, onroute from Palembang to Medan, and ordered the pilot to fly the plane to Colombo, Sri Lanka. But since the plane didn’t have enough fuel, it refueled in Penang, Malaysia and then to Don Muang, Thailand. The hijackers demanded the release of Commando Jihad members imprisoned in Indonesia, and US $ 1.5 million, as well as a plane to take those prisoners to an unspecified destination. The Kopassus commandos who took part in this mission trained for only three days with totally unfamiliar weapons, brilliantly executed this fast-paced operation. One of the Kopassus commandos was shot by the hijacker leader, who then shot himself. All the other hijackers were killed. All the hostages were saved.
1981 An Aer Lingus flight from Dublin to London was hijacked and diverted to Le Touquet in France by a man demanding that the Pope release the third secret of Fatima. While authorities negotiated with the hijacker by radio in the cockpit, French special forces entered the rear of the aircraft and overpowered him.
1982 July 1: A Sri Lankan gentleman, identified as Sepala Ekanayaka, who is 33 years old, hijacked an Alitalia jumbo jet in order to return to Sri Lanka with his wife and child.
A lone Sikh militant
1982 August 22: A lone Sikh militant, armed with a pistol and a hand grenade, hijacked a Boeing 737 on a scheduled flight from Bombay to New Delhi carrying 69 persons. Indian security forces killed the hijacker and rescued all passengers.
1983: Tbilisi hijacking incident
1984 August 24: Seven young Sikh hijackers demanded an Indian Airlines jetliner on a domestic flight be flown to the United States. The plane was taken to UAE where the defense minister of UAE negotiated the release of the passengers. It was related to the Sikh secessionist struggle in the Indian state of Punjab.
1984: Lebanese Shi’a hijackers divert a Kuwait Airways flight to Tehran. The plane is taken by Iranian security forces who were dressed as custodial staff.
1985: Lebanese Shi’a hijackers divert TWA Flight 847 from Athens to Beirut with 153 people on board. The stand-off ends after Israel frees 31 Lebanese prisoners.
1985: Palestinians take over EgyptAir Flight 648 and fly it to Malta. All together, 60 people died, most of them when Egyptian commandos stormed the aircraft.
Pan Am & China
1986: 22 people are killed when Pakistani security forces storm Pan Am Flight 73 at Karachi, carrying 400 passengers and crew after a 16-hour siege.
1990: Hijackers seized a plane from the People’s Republic of China which later crashed as it tried to land in Canton, killing 128 people.
1991: 26 March 1991, China Flight 117 hijacked by hijackers claiming to be members of the Pakistan People’s Party. Elite Singapore Special Operations Force members stormed the plane, killing all four hijackers and freeing all 118 passengers and 9 crew in an operation lasting just 30 seconds. None of the passengers and crew were hurt.
FedEx & Air France
1994: FedEx Flight 705 hijacked by disgruntled employee Auburn Calloway as it left Memphis, Tennessee, with the intention of using it as a cruise missile against FedEx HQ. He was subdued by the flight crew before an emergency landing back at Memphis.
1994: Air France Flight 8969 is hijacked by four GIA terrorists planning to crash into the Eiffel Tower. After the execution of 3 passangers, GIGN commandos storm the plane killing all hijackers and freeing all passengers.
1995: Iranian defector and flight attendant Rida Garari hijacked Kish Air flight 707, which landed in Israel. No casualties.
Hemus Air & Ethiopian Airlines
1996: Hemus Air Tu-154 aircraft was hijacked by the Palestinian Nadir Abdallah, flying from Beirut to Varna. The hijacker demamded that the airplane be refuelled and given passage to Oslo (Norway) after landing at Varna Airport. All of the 150 passengers were freed at Varna, while the crue continue the flight to Oslo.
1996: Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 crashed into the Indian Ocean near a beach in the Comoros Islands after hijackers refused to allow the pilot to land and refuel the plane. 125 passengers die and 50 survive. This is only the third incident in which there were survivors of a passenger jet that intentionally ditched into water.
Air Malta & All Nippon Airways
1997: Air Malta Two men who hijacked an Air Malta aircraft en route from Malta to Turkey on June 9, 1997 surrendered to police at Cologne’s airport early on the same day and freed without incident about 80 crew members and passengers on board.
1999: All Nippon Airways Flight 61 is hijacked by a lone man. He kills the pilot before he is subdued.
Ariana Afghan & Indian Airlines
2000: Ariana Afghan Airlines Boeing 727 is hijacked on an internal flight within Taleban-controlled Afghanistan, and ended up at London Stansted Airport, where most of the passengers claimed political asylum.
1999-2000: Kashmiri men hijack Indian Airlines Flight 814 and divert it to Kandahar. After a week-long stand-off India agrees to release three jailed one Kashmiri and two pakistani millitants in exchange for the hostages. 1 hostage was stabbed to death and his body thrown on the tarmac as a “warning attack”
World Trade Center
* 2001: September 11 attacks, eastern USA: 19 terrorists hijack four planes (American Airlines Flight 11, American Airlines Flight 77, United Airlines Flight 93, and United Airlines Flight 175. The aircraft were used as missiles to cause infastructure damage; two of the planes, United Airlines Flight 175 and Flight 11 were crashed into New York City’s World Trade Center towers, destroying the entire complex. American Airlines Flight 77 was used in a similar fashion at the Pentagon, in Washington, D.C., which caused the destruction of the portion of that building hit. They are the three most deadly of all aircraft hijackings. In the case of United 93 the intention was likely the same but the passengers, learning of the fate of the other three planes, attacked the cockpit, causing the hijackers to crash the plane in rural Pennsylvania, killing all on board. Four other planes were supposedly supposed to fly into other parts of the Pentagon, the Capitol Building, and a museum. However, they were stopped before flight. By official count, 2,752 people died at the World Trade Center, 189 died in Washington, D.C., and 44 died crashing into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
There has been talk of fortifying cockpit doors to prevent would-be hijackers from entering and gaining control of the aircraft. In the United Kingdom, United States and Australia, air marshals have also been added to some flights to deter and thwart hijackers. In addition, some have proposed remote control systems for aircraft whereby no one on board would have control over the plane’s flight.
In the case of a serious risk that an aircraft will be used for flying into a target, it may have to be shot down, killing all passengers and crew, to prevent more serious consequences.
option of carrying a pistol
United States commercial aircraft pilots now have an option of carrying a pistol on the flight deck, as a last resort to thwart hijack attempts. Opponents proposed that shooting down the aircraft and killing everyone onboard would be more reasonable than a pilot firing a pistol in an airliner at a flight deck intruder. Explosive decompression in an aircraft, however, is a myth, and their objections are mostly hyperbole.
Since “Hi, Jack” and “hijack” are homophones this pronunciation is now widely regarded as a serious taboo in many airports. Los Angeles International Airport has reminded people not to say “Hi, Jack” or “Hey, Jack”, but rather, to say “Hello, Jack” instead.
GARUDA DI THAILAND
TAHUN 1979 PESAWAT JENIS DC 9 PENERBANGAN JAKARTA MEDAN DIBAJAK DIBELOKKAN KE WOILA AIRPORT BANGKOK THAILAND DAN DAPAT DIATASI OLEH PASUKAN KEAMANAN INDONESIA BARET MERAH TETAPI ADA KORBAN TEWAS YAITU CAPTAIN HERMAN RANTI DAN SEORANG KAPTEN AD KOPASSUS
Gandol Nose Gear
Tahun 1997 dua orang anak yang masih belia menggandol di nose gear pesawat airbus A300 rute medan Jakarta yang akhirnya landing di Jakarta keduanya selamat dalam keadaan pingsan
Pesawat Garuda Indonesia pesawat type Boeing 747 mengangkut seorang penumpang haji gratis yang berasal dari Jombang. Penerbangan rute Surabaya Jeddah yang akhirnya dipulangkan kembali ke Surabaya.
11 September 2001, Gedung World Trade Center ditabrak oleh pesawat yang mengakibatkan kedua gedung terbakar dan rubuh yang menelan banyak korban
SECURITY WORKING ACTIVITY
MACAM – MACAM JENIS BOM DAN KARAKTERISTIKNYA
A bomb is an explosive device that, although not containing more energy than ordinary fuel, except in the case of a nuclear weapon, generates and releases its energy very rapidly, as an explosion, a violent, destructive shock wave. It is usually some kind of container filled with explosive material, designed to cause destruction when set off. The word comes from the Greek word βόμβος (bombos), an onomatopoetic term with approximately the same meaning as “boom” in English
These are first and foremost weapons; the term “bomb” is not usually applied to explosive devices used for civilian purposes, such as construction or mining, although the people using the devices may or may not sometimes refer to them as bombs. Many military explosive devices are not called “bombs”. The military mostly calls airdropped, unpowered explosive weapons “bombs,” and such bombs are normally used by air forces and naval aviation. Other military explosive devices are called grenades, such as hand grenades), shells, depth charges, warheads when in missiles, or land mines.
They have been used for centuries in warfare and are a central part of a terrorist’s arsenal. They fall into three distinct categories: conventional if filled with chemical explosives, dispersive if filled with submunitions, chemicals or other disruptive agents which are spread on or shortly before impact, or nuclear if relying on nuclear fission or nuclear fusion for their effect.
Experts commonly distinguish between civilian and military bombs. The latter are almost always mass-produced weapons, developed and constructed to a standard design out of standard components and intended to be deployed in a standard way each time. By contrast, terrorist bombs are usually custom-made, developed to any number of designs, use a wide range of explosives of varying levels of power and chemical stability, and are used in many different ways. For this reason, they are generally referred to as improvised explosive devices (IEDs).
The most powerful bomb in existence is the hydrogen bomb, a nuclear weapon. The most powerful bombs ever used in combat were the two nuclear bombs dropped by the United States to attack Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The most powerful non-nuclear bomb is the United States Air Force’s MOAB (Massive Ordnance Air Blast).
The Massive Ordnance Air Blast (MOAB) bomb