CASR Part 45

Posted on February 18, 2010

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>• 45. 1 Applicability

• This part prescribes the requirements for

Identification of aircraft and identification of aircraft engines and propellers that are manufactured under the terms of a type or production certificate

• Identification of certain replacement and modified parts produced for installation on type certificated products; and

• Nationality and registration marking of Indonesian registered aircraft

• 45.11 General

Aircraft covered under section 21.182 of the CASR must identified, and each person who manufacturers and aircraft engine under a type or production certificate hall identify that engine, by means of FIREPROOF PLATE that has information specified in the section 45.13 of this part marked on it by ETCHING, STAMPING, ENGRAVING and other approved method of fireproof marking.

• 45.11 General

The identification plate for aircraft must be SECURED in such a manner that it will not likely be DEFACED or REMOVED during normal service, or LOST or DESTROYED in AIRCRAFT ACCIDENT

• 45.11 General

Except as provide in paragraph (c) and (d) of this section, the aircraft identification plate must be secured to the aircraft fuselage exterior so that it is legible to a person on the ground, and must be either adjacent to and aft of the rearmost entrance door of on the fuselage surface near the tail surfaces

• 45.11 General

For aircraft engines, the identification plate must be affixed to the engine at an accessible location in such a manner that it will not likely be defaced or removed during normal service, or lost or destroyed in an accident

• 45.11 General

Each person who manufacturers a propeller, propeller blade, or propeller hub under the terms of a type or production certificate shall identify his product by means of a plate, tamping, engraving etching, or other approved method of fireproof identification that is placed on it on a noncritical surface, contains the information specified in section 45.13, and will not be likely to be defaced or removed during normal service or lost or destroyed in an accident.

• 45.11 General

For manned free balloon, the identification plate prescribed in paragraph (a) of this section must be secured to the balloon envelope and must be located, if practicable, where it is legible to the operator when the balloon is inflated. In addition, the basked and heater assembly must be permanently and legibly marked with the manufacturer’s name, part number (or equivalent) and serial number (or equivalent).

• 45.11 General

The identification plate required by paragraph (a) of this section may be secured at an accessible exterior or interior location near an entrance, if the model designation and builder’s serial number are also displayed on the aircraft fuselage exterior.

• 45.11 General

The model designation and builder’s serial number must be legible to a person on the ground and must be located either adjacent to and aft of the rearmost entrance door or on the fuselage near the tail surface.

• 45.11 General

The model; designation and builder’s serial number must be displayed in such a manner that they are not likely to be defaced or removed during normal service

• 45.13 Identification data

The identification required by sections 45.11 (a) and (b) hall include the following information:

1. Builder’s name

2. Model designation

3. Builder’s serial number

4. Type certificate, if any

5. Production certificate number, if any

6. For aircraft engines, the established rating

7. For the engines specified in part 34 of the CASR

8. Any other information the DG finds appropriate.

• 45.13 Identification data

7. For aircraft engine specified in part 34 of the CASRs, the date of manufacture as defined in section 34.1 (definition) of that part, and a designation, approved by the DG, that indicates compliance with the applicable exhaust emission provisions of part 34. Approved designations include COMPLY, EXEMPT, and NON-ROI as appropriate

• 45.13 Identification data

The designation COMPLY indicates that the engine is in compliance with all of the applicable exhaust emissions provision of Part 34. For any engine with rated thrust in excess of 26.7 kilonewtons (6000 pounds) which is not used or intended for use in commercial operations and which is in compliance with the applicable provisions of Part 34, but does not comply with the hydrocarbon emissions standards of section 34.21 (d), the statement “May not be used as a commercial aircraft that accompanies the engine” must be noted in the permanent powerplant record that accompanies the engine at the time of manufacture of the engine.

• 45.13 Identification data

The designation EXEMPT indicates that the engine has been granted an exemption pursuant to the applicable provision of section 34.7 (a)(1), (1), (a) (4), (b), (c) or (d), and an indication of the type of exemption and the reason for the grant must be noted in the permanent powerplant record that accompanies the engine from the time of manufacture of the engine.

• 45.13 Identification data

The designation NON-ROI indicates that the engine has been granted an exemption pursuant to section 34.7 (a) (1), and the notation “This engine may not be operated within the Republic of Indonesia”, or an equivalent notation approved by the DG, must be inserted in the aircraft logbook, or alternate equivalent document, at the time of installation of the engine.

• 45.13 Identification data

(b) Except as provided in paragraph (d) (1) of this section, no person may removed, change, or place identification information required by paragraph (a) of this section, on any aircraft, aircraft engine, propeller, propeller blade, or propeller hub, without the approval of the DG.

• 45.13 Identification data

(c) Except as provided in paragraph (d) (2) of this section, no person may removed or install any identification plate required by section 45.11 of this part, without the approval of the DG.

• 45.13 Identification data

(d) Person performing work under the provisions of part 43 of the CASRs may, iaw methods, techniques, and practices acceptable to the DG.

• 45.13 Identification data

(d)(1)

Remove, change, or place the identification information required by paragraph (a) of this section on any aircraft, aircraft engine, propeller, propeller blade, or propeller hub;

Or

(d)(2)

Remove an identification plate required by section 45.11 when necessary during maintenance operation

• 45.13 Identification data

(e) No person may install an identification plate removed iaw paragraph (d)(2) of this section on any aircraft, aircraft engine, propeller, propeller blade, or propeller hub other than the one from which it was removed.

• 45.14 Identification of critical component

Each person who produces a part for which a replacement time, inspection interval, or related procedure in specified in the Airworthiness Limitations section of a Manufacture’s Maintenance Manual or Instructions for Continued Airworthiness shall permanently and legibly mark that component with a part number (or equivalent) and a serial number (or equivalent)

• 45. Replacement and modification parts

(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, each person who produces a replacement or modification part under a Part Manufacturer Approval issued under section 21.303 of the CASRs shall permanently and legibly mark the part with-

1. The letters “DGAC-PMA”

2. The name, trademark, or symbol of the holder of the PMA

3. The part number; and

4. The name and model designation of each TC product on which the part is eligible for installation

• 45. Replacement and modification parts

(b) If the DG finds that a part is too small of that it is otherwise impractical to mark a part with any of the information required by paragraph 9a) of this section, a tag attached to the part of its container must include the information that could not be marked on the part. If the marking required by paragraph (a)(4) of this section is do extensive that to mark it on a tag is impractical, the tag attached to the part or the container may refer to a specific readily available manual or catalog for part eligibility information

• 45.21 General

(a)Except as provided in section 45.22, no person may operated an Indonesian-registered aircraft unless that aircraft displays nationality and registration marks iaw the requirements of this section and section 45.23 through 45.33

• 45.21 General

(b) Unless otherwise authorized by the DG, no person may place on any aircraft a design, mark, or symbol that modifies or confuses the nationality and registration marks

• 45.21 General

(c) Aircraft nationality and registration marks must-

1. Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, be painted on the aircraft of affixed by any other means insuring a similar degree of permanence;

2. Have no ornamentation;

3. Contrast in color with the background; and

4. Be legibly

• 45.21 General

(d)The aircraft nationality and registration marks may be affixed to an aircraft with readily removable material if-

1. It is intended for immediate delivery to a foreign purchaser

2. It is bearing a temporary registration number; or

3. It is marked temporarily to meet the requirement of section 45.22(c)(1) of this part

• 45.22 Exhibition, antique and other aircraft: Special rules.

(a) When display of aircraft nationality and registration marks iaw sections 45.21 and 45.23 through 45.33 would be inconsistent with exhibition of that aircraft, an Indonesian-registered aircraft may be operated without displaying those marks anywhere on the aircraft if;

• 45.22 Exhibition, antique and other aircraft: Special rules.

1. It is operated for the purpose of exhibition, including a motion picture or television production, or an airshow

2. Except for practice and test flights necessary for exhibition purpose, it is operated only at the location of the exhibition, between the exhibition locations, and between those locations and the base of operations of the aircraft; and

3. For each flight in Indonesia; it is operated under a flight plan filed under either section 91.153 or section 91.169 of the CASRs describing the marks it displays, in the case of any other flight

• 45.22 Exhibition, antique and other aircraft: Special rules.

(b) A small Indonesian-registered aircraft build at leas 30 years ago or an Indonesian-registered aircraft for which an experimental certificate has been issued under section 21.191(d) or 21.191(g) for operation as an exhibition aircraft or as an amateur build aircraft and which has the same external configuration as an aircraft built at least 30 years ago may be operated without displaying marks iaw section 45.21 and 45.23 through 45.33 if;

• 45.22 Exhibition, antique and other aircraft: Special rules.

(b) … if;

(1) It displays iaw section 45.21(c) marks at least 15 cm (6 inches) high on each side of the fuselage or vertical tail surface and 25 cm (10 inches) on the wings consisting of the Roman capital letters “PK” followed by;

i. The Indonesian registration letter of aircraft; or

ii. The symbol appropriate to the airworthiness certificate of the aircraft (“C”-standard; “R”-restricted; ” L”-limited; or “X”- experimental) followed by the Indonesian registration letters of the aircraft; and

• 45.22 Exhibition, antique and other aircraft: Special rules.

(b) … if;

(2) It displays no other mark that begins with the letters “PK” anywhere on the aircraft, unless it is the same mark that is displayed under paragraph (b)(1) of this section

• 45.22 Exhibition, antique and other aircraft: Special rules.

(c) No person may operate an aircraft under paragraph (a) or (b) of this section-

1. In a military zone unless it temporarily bears marks iaw section 45.21 and 45.23 through 45.33;

2. In a foreign country unless that country consents to that operation; or

3. If, due to the configuration of an aircraft, it is impossible for a person to mark it iaw section 45.21 and 45.23 through 45.33, he may apply to the DG for a different marking procedure

• 45.23 Display of marks; general

a) Each operator of an aircraft shall display on that aircraft mark consisting of the Roman capital letter “PK” (denoting Indonesian registration) followed by the registration letters of the aircraft. Each suffix letter used in the marks displayed must also be a Roman capital letter.

• 45.25 Location of marks on fixed wing aircraft

a) The marks on fixed wing aircraft shall be displayed as prescribed in (b) and (c) of this section on the wings and either on the fuselage or on the vertical tail surface(s).

• 45.23 Display of marks; general

a) When marks that include only the Roman capital letters “PK” and the registration letters are displayed on limited or restricted category aircraft of experimental or provisionally certificated aircraft, the operator shall also display on that aircraft near each entrance to the cabin or cockpit, in the letters not less than 5 cm (2 inches) nor more than 15 cm (6 inches) in height, the words “limited”, “restricted”, “experimental”, or “provisional airworthiness”, as the case may be.

• 45.25 Location of marks on fixed wing aircraft

b) The marks shall appear once on the upper surface of wing structure and once on the lower surface of the wing structure. They will be located on the right half of the upper surface and on the left half of the lower surface of the wing structure unless the extend across the whole of both the upper and the lower surface of the wing structure. So far as possible the marks shall be located equidistant from the leading and trailing edges of the wings. The tops of the marks shall be toward the leading edge of the wing.

• 45.25 Location of marks on fixed wing aircraft

c) The marks shall appear on each side of the fuselage (or equivalent structure) between the wings and the tail surface. Or on the upper halves of the vertical tail surfaces. When located on single vertical tail surface they shall appear on both sides. When located on multi-vertical tail surface they shall appear on the outboard side of the other surfaces.

• 45.27 Location of marks: non fixed wing aircraft

a) Rotorcraft:

1) The marks on rotorcraft shall be displayed as prescribed in (a)(2) and (3) of this section, once on the bottom surface of the fuselage and once on the each side surface of the fuselage.

2) The marks on the bottom surface of the fuselage (or equivalent structure) shall be placed with the tops of the marks toward the left side of the fuselage (or equivalent structure)

3) The marks on the side surface of the fuselage (or equivalent structure) shall appear below the window line and as near the cockpit as possible

• 45.27 Location of marks: non fixed wing aircraft

b) Airship :

1) The marks on airship shall be displayed as prescribed in (b)(2) and (3) of this section either on the hull or on the stabilizer surfaces

2) Where the marks appear on the hull they shall be located lengthwise on each side of the hull and also on its upper surface on the line of symmetry

3) Where the marks appear on the stabilizer surface the shall appear on both the horizontal and the vertical stabilizers. The marks on the horizontal stabilizer shall be located on the right half of the upper surface and on the left half of the lower surface with the tops of the marks toward the leading edge. The marks on the vertical stabilizer shall be located on each side of the bottom half stabilizer and placed horizontally.

• 45.27 Location of marks: non fixed wing aircraft

c) Spherical balloons:The marks on a spherical balloon shall be displayed on the surface of the balloon in two places diametrically opposite. They shall be located near the maximum horizontal circumference of the balloon

d) Non-spherical balloons; The marks on a non-spherical balloon shall be displayed on each side surface of the balloon. They shall be located near the maximum cross section of the balloon immediately above either the rigging band or the points of attachment of the basked suspension cables.

e) Non-conventional aircraft; If the design of an aircraft is such that none of the requirements of sections 45.25 and 25.27 is fully applicable, the marks of such aircraft shall be displayed on the aircraft in a manner as determined by the DG.

• 45.29 Type and size of marks

(a) General

(1) The letters shall be capital letters in Roman character without ornamentation. Numbers (if used) shall be Arabic number without ornamentation.

(2) The with of each character (except the letter I and number 1) and the length of the hyphen, shall be two-thirds of the height of a character

(3) The characters and hyphen shall be formed by solid lines and shall be of color contrasting clearly with the background. The thickness of the lines shall be one-sixth of the height of a character.

(4) 45.29 Type and size of marks

(b) General

(1) Each character shall be separated from that which it immediately precedes or follows by a space of not less than one-quarter of a character with. A hyphen shall be regarded as a character for this purpose.

(2) The characters in each separate group of marks shall be equal height.

• 45.29 Type and size of marks

(b) Fixed wing aircraft:

(1) The height of the identification marks on the wings shall be at least 50 cm (20 inches)

(2) The marks on the fuselage (or equivalent structure) or vertical tail surfaces shall be as large as practicable, but shall not interference with the visible outlines of the fuselage (or equivalent structure) and shall leave at least a margin of 5 cm (2 inches) along each edge of any vertical tail surface.

(3) The height of marks on the fuselage or vertical tail surface shall be at least 30 centimeters (12 inches).

• 45.29 Type and size of marks

(c) Rotorcraft:

(1) The identification marks on the fuselage (or equivalent structure) of a rotorcraft shall be as large as possible, but shall not interference with the visible outlines of the fuselage (or equivalent structure).

(2) On bottom surface of the fuselage (or equivalent structure) the height shall not be less than 50 cm (20 inches), and on the side of surfaces of the fuselage (or equivalent structure) the height shall not be less than 15 cm ( 6 inches)

• 45.29 Type and size of marks

(a) Airships and balloons: the height of marks on airships, spherical balloons and non-spherical balloons shall be at least 50 cm (20 inches)

(b) Non-conventional aircraft: if the design of an aircraft is such that none of the requirements of this section is fully applicable, the size of marks displayed on such aircraft shall be determined by the DG.

• 45.31 Marking of export aircraft

A person who manufactures an aircraft in Indonesian for delivery outside thereof may display on that aircraft any marks required by the state of registry of the aircraft. However, no person may operate an aircraft so marked within Indonesia, except for test and demonstration flights for a limited period of time, or while in necessary transit to the purchaser.

• 45.33 Sale of aircraft; removed of marks

When an aircraft that is registered in Indonesia is sold, the holder of the C of R shall remove, before its delivery to the purchaser, all Indonesian marks from the aircraft, unless the purchaser is-

a) A citizen of Indonesia

b) When the aircraft is to be based and primarily used in Indonesia, a corporation lawfully organized and doing business under the laws of Indonesia.

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