AIR OPERATOR CERTIFICATION

Posted on February 18, 2010

0


>THE AIR OPERATOR CERTIFICATE – ICAO ANNEX 6,

4.2.1.1 An operator shall not engage in commercial air transport operations unless in possession of a valid air operator certificate or equivalent document issued by the State of the Operator.

THE AIR OPERATOR CERTIFICATE

4.2.1.2 The air operator certificate…. shall authorize the operator to conduct commercial air transport operations in accordance with such conditions and limitations as may be specified.

THE AIR OPERATOR CERTIFICATE

4.2.1.3 The issue of an AOC …….by the State of the Operator shall be dependent upon the operator demonstrating an adequate organization, method of control and supervision of flight operations, training programme and maintenance arrangements consistent with the nature and extent of the operations specified.

THE AIR OPERATOR CERTIFICATE –

The AOC shall contain at least the following:

a) operator’s identification (name, location);

b) date of issue and period of validity;

c) description of the types of operations authorized;

d) the type(s) of aircraft authorized for use; and

e)authorized areas of operation or routes.

THE AIR OPERATOR CERTIFICATE

THE CERTIFICATION PROCESS.
The certification process is divided into steps:

Pre-application

Formal application

Preliminary financial, economic, and legal assessment of the application

Preliminary technical assessment

Operational inspections

Decision on application and award of AOC and ops specs

AOC – PRE-APPLICATION PHASE

This phase includes preliminary contact, prior to formal application.

CAA to make the potential operator aware of the regulatory requirements

Show exact steps in the certification process

Applicant is given understanding of the form, content, and documents required for the formal application.

AOC – FORMAL APPLICATION

CONTENT:

A. The name and address of the applicant and the main base of the proposed operations;

B. A description of the applicant’s business organization;

C. Information on management organization and key staff members, including their title, name, background, qualifications and experience;

AOC – FORMAL APPLICATION

Detailed information on the operations (AW) under the following headings :

type of aircraft, equipment, instruments, equipment and flight documents to be used;

State of Registry of the aircraft, (copy of lease);

arrangements personnel training and qualification;

installations and equipment available;

nature of operations ‑ passenger/cargo, VFR or IFR, etc.;

arrangements for maintenance and inspection of aircraft and associated equipment;

AOC – FORMAL APPLICATION

MAINTENANCE DOCUMENTATION

General Maintenance Manual (GMM) (This manual may be combined with the GOM for certain operators.)

Maintenance Program/Manuals

Weight and Balance Procedures

Maintenance Training Program/Manual

Minimum Equipment List (MEL/CDL

Maintenance Reliability Program

Continuous Analysis and Surveillance

AOC – FORMAL APPLICATION

COMPLIANCE DOCUMENT

detailed description of how the applicant intends to show compliance with each provision of the applicable code of air navigation regulations;

AOC – FORMAL APPLICATION

Financial data; and

Desired date for

operation to commence.

AOC – PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT

GENERAL.

Very Important

Must try to establish competence at the initial stage,

Less likely to have serious problems later on.

Essential to reveal any critical deficiencies in the applicant’s proposals

Will enable the operator to prepare alternative proposals

AOC – PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT.

GENERAL

If deficiencies are found applicant should be given a reasonable opportunity to rectify

otherwise the application should be rejected.

This preliminary assessment consists of two phases:

Financial, economic and legal assessment

Technical Assessment/Document review

AOC – PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT

CHECK APPLICANT HAS:

sufficient financial resources;

a route structure for the proposed operation;

an intended level of service that meets a need or demand and is in the public interest;

proposed an operation that is in accord with bi-lateral agreements; (Cont.)

AOC – PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT

CHECK APPLICANT HAS:

presented traffic studies indicating that the proposed operation should be economically successful; and

management structure and suitable personnel, equipment, facilities, manuals, buildings, service agreements, etc., or will be able to obtain them.

AOC – PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT

LEASING

Unless suitable arrangements

are made by the State of Registry and the State of the Operator, complex legal problems as well as safety problems, particularly in respect of the continuing airworthiness and operations supervision, may result.

AOC – PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL ASSESSMENT

DOCUMENT REVIEW (AW)

Review the following:

Aircraft Flight Manual(s)

Minimum Equipment Lists CDL

Weight and Balance Manual

Maintenance Manual(GMM)

*Continuous Airworthiness Maintenance Program/Manuals

Maintenance Training Program/Manual

Maintenance Reliability Program

Continuous Analysis and Surveillance System

AOC – PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL ASSESSMENT

GENERAL

The company manuals must be sufficiently detailed to provide a comprehensive account of practically every aspect of the operator’s organization, policies, and procedures. The primary focus of the preliminary technical assessment will be upon the information provided by the prospective operator in these manuals.

PRELIMINARY TECHNICAL ASSESSMENT

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

Can the aircraft be properly maintained, inspected and supported with the available maintenance and spare parts resources?

Are the aircraft suitably instrumented and equipped for the proposed operation?

AIRWORTHINESS INSPECTIONS

GENERAL.

AW inspections are normally conducted in the following sequence:
a. Organizational Structure Evaluation
b. Maintenance management
c. Records Inspection
d. Line Station Facility Inspection
e. Main Base Facility Inspection
f. Training program Inspection
g. Emergency Evacuation Demonstration
h. General Maintenance manual Review
i. Proving Flights including Line Stations

AIRWORTHINESS INSPECTIONS

ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE AND MANAGEMENT EVALUATION

Must be further evaluated to ensure proper control

Verify that written policies are fully understood and implemented .

clear lines of authority and specific duties and responsibilities of individuals are established.

Must be clearly outlined in the applicant’s manuals,

AIRWORTHINESS INSPECTIONS

MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT

Personnel responsible for inspection and maintenance must be qualified.

Key personnel still required even if all maintenance is contracted out.

The positions that are required include the following:

The Director of Maintenance,

The Chief Inspector

AIRWORTHINESS INSPECTIONS

Consolidated Positions.

An airworthiness Manager may hold more than one position however he must meet the qualification requirements for both positions.

Chief Engineer always required

Chief Inspector may not always required,

Part time staff may be acceptable

Deviations to the rule may be authorised.

AIRWORTHINESS INSPECTIONS

RECORDS INSPECTIONS.

ensure a suitable system exists for creating, preserving and retrieving required records, and the records as required by the national regulations, are being kept for the specified periods..

AIRWORTHINES INSPECTIONS

LINE STATION FACILITY INSPECTIONS.

Every airport should be inspected prior to first revenue flight or during any proving flights.

AIRWORTHINESS INSPECTIONS

MAIN BASE FACILITY INSPECTION

Evaluate

Housing and Facilities

Technical documents

Equipment, tools, and test equipment,

Review Personnel list. Ensure that:

The maintenance organization/applicant has sufficient number of supervisory/licenced and inspection personnel.

AIRWORTHINESS ORGANISATION

TRAINING PROGRAMME INSPECTION.

Ensure the operator has a structured training and recurrent training program for all maintenance staff.

Maintenance/inspection training programs are the most efficient manner to inform personnel of the requirements of the operator/applicant’s program.

PROVING FLIGHTS.

As a final demonstration that he

has the proper organization, facilities, equipment, and training to successfully carry out revenue flights, the applicant will be required to perform a series of proving flights in accordance with the national requirement.

ISSUANCE OF THE AOC & OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS

GENERAL

The preceding process will have provided specific information related to:

the scope of the applicant’s proposed operation;

the adequacy of the organization and resources;and

reveal any deficiencies.

ISSUANCE OF THE AOC

DETERMINATION ON THE APPLICATION.

Following the completion of the assessment and inspection programme, the Inspector will recommend to the Director that the applicant is either:

properly equipped and capable in all respects of conducting the proposed operation, or

ISSUANCE OF THE AOC.

The AOC will contain or make reference to the following information:

operator’s identification (name, location);

date of issue and period of validity;

description of the types of operations authorized;

the type(s) of aircraft authorized for use; and

ISSUANCE OF OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS.

Operations specifications and limitations applicable to an AOC will be issued in conjunction with the issue of the AOC certificate and form part of the certificate.

ISSUANCE OF OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS

For purposes of standardization , operations specifications may be divided into separate parts as follows:

Part A ‑ General Provisions

Part B ‑ En-route authorizations and limitations

Part C ‑ Aerodrome authorizations and limitations

Part D ‑ Maintenance

Part E ‑ Mass and balance

Part F ‑ Interchange of equipment operations

Part G ‑ Aircraft leasing operations

OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART D – AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE

D71. Additional Maintenance requirements

D72. Aircraft maintenance – general requirements.

D73. Approved aircraft inspection program- GA

D74. Reliability program authorization: entire aircraft

D75. Reliability program authorization:airframe, powerplant, systems or selected items…

D76. Short term escalation authorization.

D77. Maintenance contractual arrangement authorization: for entire aircraft.

OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS

CONTINUED

D78. Maintenance contractual arrangement authorization: for specific maintenance

D79. Reliability program contractual arrangement authorization

D80. Leased aircraft maintenance program authorizations:

D81. Parts pool agreement authorization

D82. Prorated time authorization.

D83. Parts borrowing authorization

D84. Special flight permit with continuous authorization to conduct ferry flights

OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS

D85. Aircraft listing

D86. Maintenance program authorization for two engine airplanes used in extended range operation.

D87. Maintenance program authorization for leased foreign aircraft operated by (local) air carriers

D88. Maintenance time limitations

D89. Maintenance time limitations.

D90- D94 reserved:

D95. Minimum equipment list authorization.

OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS

APPENDIX A – Maintenance Time Limitations section (For operators with a partial reliability program or no reliability program)

PART E

E96. WEIGHT AND BALANCE CONTROL PROCEDURES

TYPICAL OPS SPECIFICATION

Posted in: AVIATION